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Fluoride Analysis Database Service (FADS)

Knowing how much fluoride you have in your water, liquids and food will either give you re-assurance or help you to take avoiding action.

Don't overlook the fact that if fluoride is in your drinking water, it's also in your food as well as being in your bath water and swimming pool water.  Fluoride is easily absorbed through the skin when the pores are open.  The fluoride in your toothpaste is absorbed through the mouth lining and sub-lingually.

Is your bottled water turning green? (6th August 2017)
A visitor to this site has just sent us a link to a page belonging to a company which supplies water coolers in the UK and that has inspired this paragraph. The information relates to green water.  Now, I've experienced green water in the past and it's not aesthetically pleasing.  It came from the sping in Bubbenhall, Warwickshire.  This was a great pity because it's the nearest public spring to where I live.  It's a chore to go to the Malvern Hills where the water never turns green even when exposed to light.  Anyway, here is the LINK to the page on green bottled water.

Lincolnshire (May 2017)
We have recently completed a survey of Lincolnshire's drinking water (Spring 2017).  Thank you Bill for bombing around the fluoridated areas in order to collect the samples.  

Six areas which are supposed to be fluoridated are not fluoridated.  It is possible that Anglian Water is diluting fluoridated water because of operational requirements. Anyway, it's good news for people living in the areas served by Grimsby North Asset Number LN17, Immingham Asset Number LN81, Lincoln South Asset Number LN69, Saxilby Asset Number LN34, Caistor Asset Number LN02 and possibly Brigg Asset Number LN65.  Harpswell Asset Number LN45 may be another area where Anglian Water has decided to dilute the fluoridated water.  We've uploaded the complete results to this website:  LINK .  To interrogate Anglian Water's water quality pages for your post code, go to LINK .

Because fluoridating water companies have a contract with Public Health England where they are legally committed  o add 1ppm fluoride/litre of water, there's no reason why they shouldn't then blend their fluoridated water with non-fluoridated water from other parts of their water region if this is necessary for operational requirements.  

Public Health England does not employ people who are water supply experts and that organisation would find it difficult to challenge the blending practice.  However, in order to reduce 1ppm down to 0.1ppm, most of the fluoridated water from each water treatment works would need to be heavily diluted meaning that those WTWs which fluoridate are not producing very much fluoridated treated water. It is possible, however, for the treated water to be diverted away from the WTW prior to it being fluoridated and for this diverted water to then rejoin the system in order to dilute the fluoridated water.  Just a thought!

For this to be practicable, Anglian Water would need to reduce its requirement for the fluoridating acid from ICGL.  There's no point in buying too much of the fluoridating acid if less is required.  It would be interesting to know if this is happening in practice.

Go to: FADS Results for Tap Water 2010 - 2017 for the most recent tap water database results for the UK.   We are in the process of creating updated versions for tea, wine, bottled water and soft drinks. (30th January 2018)

FADS Results for Tea 2010 - 2017

FADS Results for Soft Drinks 2010 - 2017

A list of beers which do not contain fluoride is available via this LINK .

STOP PRESS:  There are two types of Berkey filters - black and white.  The white filters use the method of activated alum for filtering out fluoride and arsenic.  This method is effective and the ability to remove fluoride has been recently confirmed (Spring 2017). The black filters remove all the other contaminants.   Berkey's black filters do not remove fluoride. When purchasing a Berkey system, it is therefore essential to purchase a unit with two black filters and 2 white filters.  Do not purchase filters from non-approved Berkey agents.

(For the US fluoride database, go to:

News from 2012
Regarding the current level of fluoride in CV5 tap water, the fluoride dosing kiosks in the West Midlands have now all been replaced using a Government grant of £11.1 million.  During refurbishment, this meant that the fluoride dosing of some parts of the West Midlands Region had almost ceased while installation work at Frankley Water Treatment Works (WTW ) was being carried out.  Now it looks as though the work is completed and today, i
n CV5, the level is now up to 0.8ppm (18th July 2012).  The situation in CV4 is that that post code sector is receiving the optimum 1ppm.  The University of Warwick and all its Halls of Residence, are situated in CV4!. 

Bottled Water in the UK

Analysis shows that, of the water tested to date, the fluoride concentration of most bottled water  (natural mineral water (NMW), spring water and table water) is either at variance with the label or not declared at all. 


The list below contains the bottled waters which have been analysed by FADS and which contain less than 0.1ppmF/litre of water.  Note: this is natural calcium fluoride in a dissociated form and not the poisonous muck which is added to our drinking water.

Ashbeck NMW from the Eden Valley, Armathwaite, Cumbria (Tescos) - small and large bottles
Caledonian Scottish water from the Campsie Fells (Sainsbury’s) - small and large bottles
Chase Spring Water from Lichfield, Staffs (Lidl) sold as Saskia by Lidl and aqueo by Aldi.
Clearview Still Spring Water from Church Stretton (Tesco’s) - available in small bottles and 2 litre bottles.
Eden Vale Still and Sparkling Natural Mineral Water, Armathwaite, Cumbria (ASDA) - small and large bottles
Gregg's Natural Mineral Water from the Brecon Carreg source, Brecon Beacon National Park, Wales.  750ml bottles available at all Gregg's outlets
Highland Spring Still Spring Water from the Ochil Hills, Perthshire (Sainsbury’s) - small and large bottles.
Waitrose's Essential Still NMW from the Stretton Hills in Shropshire - 2 litre bottles.


BOTTLED WATER NEWS (15th June 2013)

The sodium and sulphate levels in NMW, Spring Water and some tap waters were surveyed in May 2013 by WMAF.  It was felt necessary to do this in order to challenge the mistaken advice given by NHS Choices (LINK) regarding the water to be used in baby formula.  No mention, of course, on the NHS Choices page, of fluoride in tap water being a developmental neurotoxin! 

WMAF Sodium and Sulphate Survey:  LINK

TESCO's Still Table Water was anlysed in September 2013 and was found to contain fluoride.  The previous analysis of the product which was bottled in DE74 showed that there was no fluoride in the table water.  Such water can come from anywhere in the UK and there is absolutely no guarantee that it will be free of artificial fluoride.   When using bottled water to make up baby formula, it would be better to err on the side of caution and purchase Natural Mineral Water which is more strictly regulated.

However, because of the uncertainty regarding the use of Bisphenol-A as a component of plastic water bottles, even NMW for making up baby formula may not be advisable.  LINK   Bisphenol-A could also be used to line water pipes so it is difficult to avoid this chemical compound.  Parents are advised to ensure that feeding bottles do not contain BPA since during sterilisation and filling the bottles with the baby formula, the BPA would become unstable.  In order to remove BPA altogether from the baby's environment, it is advisable therefore to purchase liquid baby formula.

(April 2017).  Boots has now stopped selling its Smile Fluoride-Free toothpaste.  We are told that this is because the space occupied on the shelves was needed for brands which have a greater sales volume. This could leave us in a quandary:  most other brands of fluoride-free toothpaste are more expensive than Smile. Using recipes downloaded from the Internet, we can either make our own toothpaste which would be considerably cheaper, or use an expensive fluoride-free toothpaste but use less of it on the brush.

(August 2012) the Daily Mail has created a furore regarding Table Water sold by Asda and Tesco being tap water.  LINK   At 17p for 2 litres the two brands could never have been anything other than tap water.  Bottled drinking water (i.e. table water ) has to conform to 2007 UK Law (Regs. 2785).  Table Water does not have to be fluoride-free.  Supermarkets can switch their bottling plants' location at any time and don't have to inform customers.  Nor do they have to list the minerals and contaminants on the label.  A note of caution: since its sodium content is not known, Table Water should not be used to make up baby formula.  FADS analysed Asda's Smart Price Still Water in 2011 and found that it contained 0.1ppm fluoride.  Sainsbury's Bottled Drinking Water was last analysed in 2015 and was free of fluoride at the time.

Ashbeck NMW
has been recommended by Prof. Michael Lennon of the British Fluoridation Society in the past although this has now disappeared from the BFS website. The recommendation by Professor Lennon is a cynical ploy which attempts to absolve the British Fluoridation Society of any blame of causing harm to babies should people decide to sue him or his organisation.  His recommendation was published on the BFS website hard on the heels of the absolving statement by the American Dental Association where low fluoride bottled water was recommended for making up baby formula in order to avoid dental fluorosis in the child's permanent teeth.

Gregg's Natural Mineral Water has a clean bill of health as far as fluoride is concerned.  This NMW is from the Brecon Carreg source, Brecon Beacon National Park, Wales.  750ml bottles are available at all Gregg's outlets.

San Pellegrino NMW and Nestlé
Distributor/owner, Nestlé, was told by Trading Standards in the spring of 2011 that the bottles held in its British warehouses were illegal.  From the end of 2011, the labels on 1 litre bottles of S. Pellegrino NMW correctly declared that the water contains 0.5mgF per litre of water following Nestlé having been brought back into the fold.    Update: (19th July 2012).  Even though the large 1 litre bottles of this NMW correctly state the level of fluoride, the small bottles still have the out-of-date labels.  The situation will be reviewed at the end of 2012.

Kirkland Natural Spring Water from Costco, is not recommended for drinking in a fluoridated region.  This water comes from the Source Aurèle in Jandun, France from where it's exported to the UK and to fluoridated Australia.  This Natural Spring Water (note that this is different from the more strictly regulated Natural Mineral Water status) contains 1ppm fluoride.  Fluoride is NOT declared on the label.  There is also doubt about whether the use of the word 'natural' should be legally used on the label since it seems to imply that the water is NMW.

Tesco Everyday Value Still Water.  Following a minor furore in the papers in August 2012, this Bottled Water was reanalysed on 2nd September 2012.  It does not contain any fluoride.  Its total dissolved solids is quite low at 44 tds.  To date, the only comparable tds found in any type of water originating in the UK comes from Lancaster City.  However, not all UK tap water has been analysed by FADS.

FADS is now testing tea - starting with teas sold in our supermarkets.  It is believed that most Indian and China teas contain fluoride but the search is on to identify a brand of ordinary tea which is not grown on fluoride-laden soil.  Please email if you would like your favourite tea analysed.

It's possible to analyse non-fluoridated toothpastes for fluoride although it's not an exact science.  Too late for the FADS Database uploaded today is the result for Boots Smile Non-Fluoridated toothpaste which has a clean bill of health, i.e. 0.00 ppmF.

FADS can analyse your urine for fluoride. 50ml taken from a 24-hour collection of urine is required for this analysis.  If interested, please email for further information. 

WMAF is a not-for-profit organisation.  However, in order to cover costs, a small charge is made for the testing of samples.  Visitors are asked to go to FADS EXPLAINED if interested in having their favourite wine, water, beer, tea, etc. analysed for fluoride content.