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Fluoride: the substance
Toothpaste, Salt and Milk

Fluoridated toothpaste

Researchers who study the issue of fluoridation have stated that fluoridated toothpaste prevents dental decay if used at least twice a day and if sugary (acidic) foods are avoided.  Many researchers have stated that swallowing fluoride or absorbing fluoride from swimming pool water or from hot baths does not prevent dental decay although it can delay dental decay by a couple of years (because it delays the growth of milk teeth).

As an alternative to water fluoridation, some Scottish nurseries are now teaching the children in their charge to clean their teeth during the day.  (  This sets the child up for life:  if good habits are taught when young, then these children will teach their children in turn to clean their teeth.  Indeed, this is the only realistic way forward otherwise the Nanny State, which we all hate the idea of, will eventually take over our lives.

It is clealy every person's responsibility to look after him or herself, so why should teeth-cleaning and dental hygiene be made the exception?

The amount and type of fluoride in toothpaste varies.  Children's fluoridated toothpaste contains 500 ppm F whilst an adult's toothpaste contains 1000ppm, but often more.  The quantity is shown on the carton and on the tube.  An adult's toothpaste can contain Sodium Monofluorophosphate at 1.1% or 1450ppm F.  Sodium Monofluorophosphate is used in most cases although there are some toothpastes still on the shelves which contain Sodium Fluoride.

Even at 500ppm Fluoride, a child's 'training toothpaste for milk teeth' contains far too much fluoride, whether or not the child's brushing is supervised.  A tube which contains 50 ml of toothpaste with a concentration of  500pp of fluoride, contains Fluoride at 25ppm.  (There are 20 tubes of toothpaste in a litre of toothpaste - 1000/50 = 20).  20 tubes of toothpaste contain 500ppm F.  500ppm divided by 20 = 25ppm per tube.  This is the equivalent of the fluoride found in 25 litres of fluoridated water.

Toothpaste tubes now contain a warning for the parent not to use more than a pea-sized amount of toothpaste.  Well, this is fine but the parent needs to be able to read English, needs to know that reading the toothpaste carton is recommended, often needs a magnifying glass, and the child is not a neglected child left to its own devices.  So the result could be that the very children that fluoridation is meant to help not only have poor diets and drink fluoridated water but also do not brush their teeth, or if they brush their teeth, they swallow their fluoridated toothpaste.  The result of poor diet, fluoridated water and swallowing fluoridated toothpaste is moderate Dental Fluorosis which is not aesthetically acceptable. 

Children are encouraged by dentists to spit out the excess but not to rinse out the mouth after brushing.  Where a child's swallowing reflex is still undeveloped, the child will swallow toothpaste in the saliva.  Manufacturers make sure that the taste of toothpaste is highly acceptable to the young palate and it is probable that the child ends up swallowing more of her toothpaste than is good for her.  A child's toothpaste now on the market is a bright blue gel with a shower of white stars embedded in it.  How tempting it is to continue to squeeze the toothpaste tube to see the little white stars!.

Remember that the child is also a fluoridated child is she lives in the West Midlands.  So from the first toothbrushing experience, she's overdosing on fluoride.  Even if the saliva containing the toothpaste is not swallowed, it will be absorbed through the mouth lining and sub-lingually (under the tongue) and get directly into the bloodstream.   (Medicines are often designed to be absorbed sub-lingually.  For example, angina sufferers place a small nitroglycerin pill under their tongue or spray it under the tongue where the active ingredient rapidly gets into the bloodstream.  See )

Question:  if dentists approve of fluoridated toothpaste but warn us against swallowing it, why are we receiving fluoride in our water supply?

Answer: because the Department of Health has instructed that we should all receive a compulsory medicine for the sake of a minority of children whose parents are incapable of teaching their children to look after their teeth. 

Some social justice!

Non-fluoridated toothpaste

A list of toothpastes which are non-fluoridated can be found in Avoidance StrategiesHere is the warning on the back of a toothpaste carton "Smile non-fluoride toothpaste is suitable for young children, people who are sensitive to fluoride and people who have been advised to avoid fluoride by their dentist".  At last, the voice of sweet reason in an increasingly corrupt world!  Alas, Boots Smile non-fluoride is no onger for sale in the UK!

Most pharmacies stock Euthymol and most Health Food stores stock herbal non-fluoridated toothpaste.  However, it's becoming increasingly difficult to find low-priced non-fluoridated toothpaste.  It is possible to make your own using bicarbonate of soda and coconut oil.  Recipés can be found on the Internet.  Alternatively use less toothpaste on the brush.

Fluoridated salt


Many countries in South America and the Carribbean have fluoridated salt programmes instead of fluoridated water programmes.  Jamaicans cannot purchase non-fluoridated salt so this is as compulsory as water fluoridation.  Fluoridated salt encourages people to eat salt and if it is table salt, it's not too good for health.
They are not discouraged from eating salt and are told that fluoride is good for their dental health.

Perverse logic or what?

Instead of compulsorily fluoridating their citizens, some European countries allow the sale of fluoridated salt.  This year (2009), I visited France (The Dordogne) and had a look at the various types of salt for sale in a well-known French supermarket.  There were about 8 varieties of salt on sale but only one was sea salt with added iodide and fluoride.  It was selling at 64 cents.  A non-fluoridated packet of sea salt was selling at 16 cents.  Whereas I had been led to believe that fluoridated salt is vigorously promoted in France, this discovery implies the opposite - but it was only one supermarket and France is a very large country. Visitors to this website who live in France, Switzerland or Germany could help to inform this issue by counting the types of salt on sale in their favourite supermarket, how many types are fluoridated and how many types are iodised and fluoridated.  The normal cost of fluoridated salt (as opposed to the 'clearance' cost) could be a good indicator of whether pro-fluoride industrialists are artificially depressing the selling price in order to make it more attractive to purchase.  My single sample suggests that fluoridated salt is not being 'pushed' but further research is needed.  Please write to if you wish to contribute to this F-salt mini-survey.

The link takes you to an article by Joe Thornton in which he discusses the issue of fluoridated salt.

Go to fluoridated salt

Fluoridated milk

Free dental fluoride milk in nurseries and primary schools is a topic which prompts more questions than answers. 

In my opinion, fluoridated milk is a highly questionable practice
that smacks of junk science.

Where is the science which validates giving children fluoridated milk? 

On the whole, it's a good idea to give free cows' milk to toddlers and young children, especially those living in deprived families.  Calcium is really important for promoting strong teeth and bones and hydrates the children.  However, the perverse practice of milk fluoridation has sprung up in quite a few Local Authority areas.  Parents can refuse permission for their child to receive fluoridated milk but the children of those who refuse are not supplied with free 'normal' milk.  Nothing so simple!  It's fluoridated milk or nothing.  What sort of message is that to give out? 

So far, the areas where this practice takes place are Sheffield, Sedgefield (Durham - Tony Blair's old constituency), St Helens (Liverpool - possibly), Knowsley (Merseyside) and Luton.   A subsidy was on offer from the EU to help towards the purchase of fluoridated milk and this made it financially attractive.  Some eastern European countries were also fluoridating primary school milk - again the schemes were subsidised.  More research needs to be done on this topic.

Blackpool authorised the practice in 2015 but they, at least, are providing non-fluoridated milk to children whose parents have said "no".

The research questions which have to be asked are:

1.  If the fluoride in the milk forms a compound of calcium fluoride, how much free fluoride is available, to bioaccumulate in bones, teeth and pineal gland?

2  Is calcium fluoride taken up by the bones, teeth and pineal gland or is the calcium fluoride compound flushed away in the urine so that even the valuable calcium doesn't remain in the body to strengthen bones and teeth?  Calcium fluoride is described as being 'inert', ( so how can it be of any use in preventing tooth decay?

3.  It could be that the calcium and fluoride compound disassociates when in the stomach, in which case the calcium is available to strengthen bones and teeth and the fluoride is available to bio-accumulate and weaken the bones and teeth  Which is it?  However, the bond between calcium and fluoride is a very strong bond so in which way can it be broken when in the body?

4. Does the practice of milk fluoridation discriminate against parents who do not want their children to receive free fluoridated milk.  Perhaps these parents would like their children to receive ordinary free milk but this is denied them if they don't want their children to be fluoridated. Caring, thinking parents are thus being disadvantaged in favour of parents who don't know about the issue.

5.  If both fluoridated and non-fluoridated milk was offered to children, would the Local Authority be embarassed if the majority of parents opted for non-fluoridated milk?  Would this make the fluoridated milk programme look less than desirable and discomfort the Local Authority's chief fluoride pushers?

6.  Where is the research?  Projects have been undertaken which examine the feasibility of milk fluoridation but where is the research which proves that fluoridated milk has reduced dental caries?  Perhaps no research can determine this because it could be the milk which is preventing dental caries.  Here is a relevant quote:
“There are insufficient studies with good quality evidence examining the effects of fluoridated milk in preventing dental caries." (Yeung, 2005).  Another piece of research by Ekstrand and Ehrnebo found that the bioavailability of fluoride reduced by up to 50% in the presence of milk products.

7.  Is milk fluoridation JUNK SCIENCE?

8.   Parental consent is required before a child can be examined by the dental nurse at school.
      Parental consent is required before a child can drink fluoridated milk supplied by certain English primary   
      Parental consent is not required before a child drinks fluoridated water.

        Fluoridated milk and fluoridated water are functional foods - they both have been 'manufactured' with the
      express purpose of medicating - causing bodily change.    Have either been clinically tested? 
      Do either have a product licence?   Are both illegal?   (Back to babies and fluoride)

The author would be pleased to receive answers from chemists and biochemists regarding Questions 1-8.

Time and time again,
when people are given information
and can choose whether or not to be fluoridated,
they choose to